This small painting is a splendid example of the mature work of Anton Pitloo, who, on reaching Naples, increasingly refined his painterly technique by further pursuing his exploration of colour and atmosphere, a path on which he had first set out in the northern European landscapes that he painted in the country of his birth.
Inspired by the beauty of Campania felix so beloved of the poets and of travellers conducting the Grand Tour, Pitloo has produced a view in which the observer's gaze falls on a lane down which two peasant farmers are walking in the foreground. From there, the panorama sweeps through the Mediterranean scrub and bush of the Phlegraean Fields to the island of Nisida and the bay of Pozzuoli.
In this painting Pitloo's en plein air vision sits alongside a traditional study of the landscape (developed on an easel only later) with a depiction of nature from life captured through an impressionistic rendering of the effects of light and colour. Yet this view is not simply another instance of the kind of lenticular vedutismo that was typical of the Dutch tradition. On the contrary, it moves quite clearly in the direction of a Romantic, lyrical and painterly sensitivity towards the countryside.